In reported speech it is common to shift the tense back. Present perfect: Past perfect "I have been to Spain", he told me. I hope I have answered your question satisfactorily. The Simple Past Tense, often just called the Past Tense, is easy to use in English.. Or Jane Austen's Pride & Prejudice should be rewritten! In this case, the verb that you are relating moves one step back into the past. As clearly shown on page 1, she uses a mix of present & past - past dialogue tags & present dialogue. Using "says" for tags is just weird. The word said is the past tense of the verb "say," but it can also be used as an adjective to refer to something that has been previously introduced. If you already know how to use the Present Tense, then the Past Tense will be easy.. The most common form you see is dialogue using past tense. Hello Elissa, The verb 'say' is part of a group of verbs called 'irregular verbs' which do not follow a fixed pattern in order to chane from simple form into past form. Translate say in context, with examples of use and definition. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. This is the standard he said, she said style that you see in most fiction novels or even short stories.. The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. Translate Said past tense. He explained that he had just turned out the light. In general, the Past Tense is used to talk about something that started and finished at a definite time in the past.. How to form the Past Tense in English. Present Continuous Tense: saying What is she saying?. In each case the first sentence is direct speech and the second sentence is in reported speech. So I edit according to these principles. Past perfect: Past perfect "I had just turned out the light," he explained. For example, the verbs "say" and "tell" are used to relate a conversation that you have had with someone. So when you’re reporting something someone said in the past and just once, “said” is more logical. It may be used with or without an adverb of time. Gerund: Do you practice saying things in English? And, the more I … As for “said” versus “says,” the former is usually more precise. Present Tense: say / says She says she’s from Viet Nam. However, it is possible to use simple present tense dialogue. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past. All that changes is the dialogue tag, which becomes she says, he says.. Past Tense: said She said that she came from Viet Nam.. Infinitive: She wants to say something. Unlike direct speech, which occurs in the present tense, indirect speech usually occurs in the past tense. So for example, if someone said something to you in the present tense, you would report it in the past tense. He said that Bill had arrived on Saturday. Look at these examples. Conjugate the English verb say: indicative, past tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs. Pride and prejudice - mix of present & past tense - past tense novel. In addition, the first sentence is present & last one is past. “Says” is present tense and describes an ongoing action. This is just wrong. “Said” is used in the simple past tense. He told me that he had been to Spain. When you use the past perfect, and only specify one event, the other event is understood by context, or you are signaling to the reader/listener that there is another event. The verbs in the past simple form are shown in bold. Past Tense The past tense is used to indicate any action which has been completed in the past. "Bill arrived on Saturday", he said. Using the Past Tense . While past tense dialogue is the most common, it’s up to you which one you use. 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